USS England DE-635
Photo: Damage from a "Kamikaze" hit
received off Okinawa on 9 May 1945. This view, taken at the Philadelphia Navy Yard,
Pennsylvania, on 24 July 1945, shows the port side of the forward superstructure, near
where the suicide plane struck. Note scoreboard painted on the bridge face, showing
her Presidential Unit Citation pennant and symbols for the six Japanese submarines and
three aircraft credited to England. Also note fully provisioned life raft at right.
The record written by England is unsurpassed in the annals of antisubmarine warfare. In the last two weeks of May, 1944, England destroyed six Japanese submarines: I-16, RO-106, RO-104, RO-116, RO-108 and RO-105. She was award the Presidential Unit Citation.
Less than one year later, 9 May 1945, England was severely damaged by a Japanese kamikaze attack. The casualties were severe with 37 crewmembers lost. Read the names on the Roll of Honor
After a difficult 13,000 mile journey home, she entered the Navy Yard in Philadelphia with her devastated foward section, the crew lining the rails at attention and Old Glory snapping jauntily from her mast. Her charred bridge still showing the scoreboard painted on the bridge face announcing her Presidential Unit Citation pennant and symbols for the six Japanese submarines and three aircraft credited to her service.
England was decommissioned on 15 October 1945, but her name will never be erased from the history of naval warfare.
Presidential Unit Citation
The President of the United States has presented the Presidential Unit Citation to the USS ENGLAND for service as set forth in the following citation:
"For outstanding performance in combat against enemy forces from May 19 to 31, 1944. Utilizing to the full all available weapons and equipment the USS ENGLAND skillfully coordinated her attacks with other vessels and with cooperating aircraft, striking boldly and with exceptional precision at the enemy. In a sustained series of attacks, she destroyed six hostile ships within twelve days effecting this devastating blow to enemy operations during a particularly crucial period and disrupting attempts by the enemy to supply or evacuate key units. By this heavy loss to the enemy the ENGLAND contributed substantially to unmolested advance of the United States Fleet pointing toward subsequent seizure and occupation by our forces. A gallant and daring fighter, superbly ready ready combat, the ENGLAND has achieved an outstanding record of success, reflecting the highest credit upon her gallant officers and men and the United States Naval Service."
USS ENGLAND DE 635
DESTROYERS, PACIFIC FLEET
From: Commander Destroyers,
1. During the period of 18 - 31 May 1944, the U.S.S. ENGLAND (DE635), while participating
in an anti-submarine hunt, successfully engaged six Japanese Submarines. Her outstanding
performance in each of these actions was responsible for making it the most outstanding
and most successful anti-submarine hunt in the II Pacific to date. The assessments of
damage to the enemy have been made and will be printed in the next U.S.F. Monthly
4. The results of the anti-submarine actions of the ENGLAND clearly demonstrate the efficiency of this ship and the attack team as a whole. However, the following observations are noteworthy and tend to nullify any impression that such a performance can be attributed to anything but a high degree of proficiency, only attainable by intelligent training.
5. The GEORGE,(DE697) (ComCortDiv 39, O.T.C.), the ENGLAND (DE635), (ComCortDiv-40), and the RABY (DE698), with the SPANGLER (DE696) joining them during the period 26-31 May 1944 and the HAZELWOOD (DD531) contacting and participating in the last contact on 30 May 1944, composed the forces participating in these actions. The coordination and the teamwork of these ships were excellent and contributed to success of these operations against the enemy.
6. Enclosure (A) is forwarded herewith to summarize the actions and ENGLAND's performance.
Enclosure (B) is forwarded to give a brief outline of the actions. Enclosure (C) gives a
brief discussion of the tactics used by the hunter-killer group.
Document provided by webmaster Dennis O'Brien, USS England web site.