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September 2, 1945

USS Wileman DE 22 Shipmates Celebrate
USS Wileman DE 22
shipmates celebrate upon hearing
of Japan's acceptance of surrender terms.
Taken circa 15 August 1945, USN archives photo

The last imperial conference of WWII took place on the morning of August 14, 1945, Japanese time. The Allied terms were accepted on August 15 and the announcement of surrender was made by the leaders of the Allied nations.

The official Instrument of Surrender was signed by the Japanese on September 2, 1945 aboard the USS Missouri as it was anchored in Tokyo Bay.  However, even before this signing, capitulations had begun.

The first Pacific Japanese garrison in the Pacific Ocean areas to surrender was that at Mille Atoll, in the southeastern Marshall Islands, August 22 on board the destroyer escort  USS Levy DE 162. The U.S. flag was formally raised over Mille on August 28.

Levy held her second onboard surrender ceremony when the Japanese capitulated Wake Island on September 3.

While the surrender ceremony was being held aboard USS Missouri, island garrisons were continuing to surrender.  In the Caroline Islands, USS Amick DE 168 accepted the surrender of the entire Palaus Group, Palau Islands.

Also on September 2, the Commanding General of the Imperial Japanese Forces on  Rota, Mariana Islands, surrendered in a ceremony aboard USS Heylinger DE 510.

The surrender of Jaluit Atoll, the nerve center and strong point of Japanese administration in the Marshalls, was completed on September 5 on board USS McConnell DE 163 with Baron and Wingfield present in the lagoon.

On September 6 another territory in the Marshall Islands to surrender was Wotje Atoll. USS Baron DE 166 was the staging area for the ceremony.  A few hours later, Admiral Shochi Kmada, IJN, surrendered unconditionally all Japanese forces and territory in Maloelap Atoll aboard USS Wingfield DE 194 anchored off Toroa Island.

On September 8, (a Japanese holiday celebrating the bombing of Pearl Harbor), the American Flag was hoised over Kusaie, eastern-most Carolines, following the surrender ceremony aboard the destroyer USS Hyman.  USS Ricketts DE 254 arrived two days later and was stationed at the atoll to aid in establishing a US military government and repatriating enslaved civilians to their home islands.

Three days after the capitulation of Kusaie, on September 11, USS Farquhar DE 139 was present for the surrender of Japanese garrisons on Ponape Island.  Rare photos tell the story of this historic event.

USS Sloat DE 245 staged the surrender ceremony of Woleai Atoll, Caroline Islands, on September 19.

Search units went ashore on several islands to the south and west of the Paleus and found that Japanese Army personnel on Tobi, Sonsorol and Merir had no knowledge of the cessation of hostilities until informed by the American searchers.  The capitulation was received aboard USS Carroll DE 171 on October 6.

From October 6 to December 31, 1945, other Japanese garrisons on bypassed islands scattered throughout the western Pacific and on the Asiatic mainland surrendered.

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) Share your and read DESA member's memories of the Japanese Surrender

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) Photos from the Surrender aboard USS Missouri

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) List of DEs and APDs present in Tokyo Bay 2 September 1945

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) List of DEs and APDs Serving in Toyko Bay After the Japanese Surrender

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Levy DE 162 Surrender at Millie Atoll

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Amick DE 168 Surrender of the Northern Palau Islands

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Heyliger DE 510 Surrender at Rota Island

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Levy DE 162 Surrender at Wake Island

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS McConnell DE 163 Surrender at Jaluit Atoll

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Wingfield DE 194 Surrender at Maloelap Atoll

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Baron DE 166 Surrender at Wotje Atoll

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Ricketts DE 254 Surrender at Kusaie Island

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Farquhar DE 139 Surrender at Ponape Island

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Sloat DE 245 Surrender at Woleai Atoll

Red_Ball.gif (935 bytes) USS Carroll DE 171 Surrender of Tobi, Sonsorol and Merir Islands

 


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